In general, this fungus is first sensed by the smell, and only then it is found. A very strong unpleasant smell of mature fruit bodies can be felt at a considerable distance in the forest, and in the immediate vicinity most people find it cloying and repulsive. Hence the folk names: the sopushnik (an adult mushroom gives off a sow - a stink), grandfather fat, a spoon, a stink, a gang of smelly. Fruit bodies of the fungus are easily recognized due to their phallic form.
The botanist John Gerard, who knew the herbs and compiled a large list of them in Travnik, his main book published in 1597, called a rainbow Fungus virilis penis effigie, which literally can be translated as "mushroom - male penis", since it already very much resembled a male genital organ. English botanist John Parkinson called him "a working tool of the Dutch" in his work "Theatrum botanicum" (1640). The name of the genus was given by K. Linnaeus Species epithet Impudicus comes from the Latin "shameless" or "indiscreet". In Germany, hunters once called veselka Hirschbruns, which roughly translates as "deer lust." They believed that the veselka appeared only in places where deer were excited. Describing the life of the Victorian Cambridge, Gwen Raverat, the grandson of Charles Darwin, recalls the entertainment - hunting for Stinkhorn: "In our native forests grows a kind of toadstool, which in common parlance is called Stinkhorn (English Stinkhorn - "smelly horn"), although in Latin it has a coarser name. For a mushroom that can be hunted solely by smell, this name is justified. At the end of the "sporting" day, the catch was delivered and, for the sake of the virtues of the maids, was burned in the fire in the living room in complete secrecy, with closed doors.
The young fruiting body has the shape of an egg, 5-6 cm in diameter, outside white, whitish, smells of radish. In the depths of the stems the fruit body merges with the mycelium. It is at this stage that the fungus has separate folk names: a devil's egg, a darvomis (probably because the fruit body hangs on the mycelium), the bottom lip (at a young age the fungus is immersed in rant), ground oil (in the egg stage there is a green mucous membrane) . Sometimes it is called an "egg of witches". If the "egg" is cut, inside you can see a short, cylindrical, at both ends of the narrowed fruit-bearing (recipe). The fetus below grows into a tissue mass, and above it is attached to the outer peel - the peridium. When the "egg" ripens (between the beginning of its formation and opening takes 30 days), the recipe starts to lengthen, rips the peridium (shell) and grows into a white or yellowish stem, which is topped with a bell-shaped cap. It is then that the fungus begins to release a very strong scent of carrion. The leg grows very quickly - 5 mm per minute. Its lower part is surrounded by a wrapper - the remnants of a whitish exopyridia covering the young fruiting body. The hat is covered with very smelly greenish mucus. Flies fly and other insects eat mucus, and thus carry spores. Gradually, the ribs of the cap become whitish, and it begins to resemble a morello cap. Spores are pale green, ellipsoidal, smooth.
Mushrooms, with which you can mix - Adrian's Hilarious (Phallus hadriani), but it has smaller dimensions, the "egg" is covered with pink-purple skin, less smelly, happens on dunes, in kitchen gardens, in gardens,
You can use the mushroom raw in the form of a salad. To do this, cut the mushrooms into pieces, add finely chopped onion, greens, butter and a little lemon juice. However, it should be noted that there may be sensitivity to this species. The mushroom is suitable for frying. One of the prescriptions is to cut the young fruiting body into plates, sprinkle with flour, moisten in egg and fry in oil.
To be honest, using this mushroom for culinary purposes is not the best solution. There are many varieties of other, more delicious and edible mushrooms. Therefore, it is better to fully use the vesicle as a therapeutic agent.
But if you want to eat it, you can. But for this only a young fungus, which is in the egg stage, is suitable. Taste is specific.
Unpleasant smell of the fungus is due to the content of a number of chemicals such as methyl mercaptan, hydrogen sulphide, phenylacetaldehyde and linalool. By the way, the latter has a faint smell of lily of the valley and is widely used in perfumery.
Australian scientists noted that the main vectors of fungal spores are Diptera (Calliphora erythrocephala, Lucilia caesar, Lampullaceal, Dryomyza anales and etc.). After eating mucus, they fly away from the fruit body over considerable distances, where liquid feces containing spore suspension are deposited. A smaller role in this process is played by beetles (Oecoptoma thoracica and Meligethes viridescena), as they eat mainly the tissue that consists of the body of the fungus.
Due to its shape, the fungus has long been considered an aphrodisiac. Even in ancient times it was used to make love potions. And in the Middle Ages, he was considered one of the means of increasing the sexual potency of men. In Northern Montenegro, before the battle of the bulls, the peasants rubbed their necks with a jerk so that the bulls would grow stronger. Young bulls were also fed these mushrooms, as they were considered powerful aphrodisiacs.
The medicinal properties of the ointment are known from ancient times: it was used externally in patients with joints and skin diseases - the fungus extract or the fungus itself was applied to a wound or an ulcer. Scientific studies have confirmed the medical properties of the veselka. In it, substances with a curative effect, for example polysaccharides, have an antitumor effect. Alkaloids, which are a natural analgesic. Antihistamines are substances that remove allergic reactions, as well as substances that suppress dermatomycosis, that is, skin fungal infections.
As we have already noted, a rich chemical composition will provide the veselka the status of one of the most useful fungi known to man at the present time.
Of the main positive properties can be noted:
- They act as antibacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory agents;
- Heals wounds;
- Opposes tumors;
- Helps in the treatment of allergies and allergic reactions;
- Reduces pressure;
- Improves the immune system;
- Thanks to phytoncides destroys many viruses and bacteria;
- Has a positive effect in the treatment and prevention of ulcers, strokes, heart attacks, gastritis, as well as diseases associated with diseases of the kidneys, liver and pancreas;
- Helps in the treatment of purulent wounds, pressure sores, skin inflammations, psoriasis, skin cancer;
- Reduces cholesterol;
- Degrades the tumor;
- Normalizes men and women hormonal background;
- Allows you to cope with diseases of blood vessels and heart;
- Healthily affects the nervous system, copes with mental illnesses;
- Has a positive effect on male potency (not surprisingly, having studied the feature of rapid growth and the shape of the fungus);
- Restores the body after a stroke, heart attack, etc.
As such, harm does not come from itself. But the fungus has certain contraindications:
- It is undesirable to use a paddle for medicinal purposes for the treatment of children who have not reached the age of five;
- Fungus is not recommended as food and medicine for women during pregnancy;
- It is better to reject the paddle in the period of breastfeeding;
- In no case do not increase the dose indicated by the doctors for the use of vesicles for medicinal purposes.
In fact, for these categories of people, the fungus is not dangerous. Just until the properties of the veselka have not been fully studied. Either way, caution never fails.
For treatment, we recommend the use of preparations of the Center for Fungotherapy, Bioregulation and Ayurveda.