Our Funny ordinary there are famous relatives, the same mysterious and unpredictable. One of them - Campanulate Dictiophora, known under different names: setkin, a lady with a veil, a ghostly widow, a devil's bride. Legends of its curative properties, too, goes a lot - in general, one in one. So, in the countries of America it is considered that to meet the devil's bride is the same as finding a fern flower - she and the buried treasures indicate, and heals the illness. But if a person is possessed by passions, he may perish when he sees this miracle. It is not known what happened in the future with all those who left the description of the amazing "widow", but none of them died on the spot from the sight of this amazing phenomenon. Although in some cases it was indeed a satanic delusion.
Very interesting description of the net was left by the German traveler and writer Richard Krumbogolts, he observed a mushroom in South America. "I got out of the thicket into a clearing," recalled Krumblolz, "and nearly stepped on some strange egg. It was pure white and clearly stood out against the background of green mosses. In the beginning, I decided that I found a nest of gokko - wood grouse of the Brazilian forests. But then he changed his mind: not a single bird would lay its eggs directly on damp moss. Maybe it's an egg - a giant lizard?
The mysterious object was elastic to the touch and covered with a leathery shell. I wanted to pick it up and take a closer look, when I suddenly noticed that the egg ... is growing. On the eyes it increases in size. A thin crack split his shell and ran further, ripping it into two hemispheres. The edges of the cracked skin on the vertex of the "egg" parted, and a bright orange lacquered hat crept out of the gap between them, or rather jumped out. She sat on a long, snow-white neck. Sheika quickly stretched: every minute increasing by five millimeters! What is this thing: an unprecedented beast, a bird or a plant? Finally, the outlines of the mysterious object were determined. It was a mushroom! Straight like a candle, on a slender snow-white leg, for two hours he stretched out a whole half a meter in height. And suddenly a new miracle struck me: an openwork white liner popped out from under the orange cap of the mushroom. It fell almost to the ground and, like a wide crinoline, surrounded the leg of an amazing plant. At that very moment, the strong, disgusting smell of carrion began to spread from the forest miracle in all directions. Flies and night butterflies began to gather one after another. A few minutes later they were already hanging around the "fragrant" mushroom in such quantity that I had to retreat back.
Meanwhile, twilight fell on the ground. Many of the nocturnal insects, flickering around the fungus, lit small lanterns on their bodies. What about a mushroom? The mushroom was also shining - a bright emerald glow streamed from under his bonnet. Lit and cover - a gentle matte reflection. The next morning I went to a clearing to look again at the strange mushroom. But, alas! Found here only a small lump of mucus - all that remains of a wonderful plant. Later, I learned that the fungus, which had flourished so swiftly and magnificently in front of me, was called a "lady under the veil" by the locals, and the scientists - campanulate dictyophora. Many different stories speak of him among superstitious people. They say - woe to a man whom he will attract with his light. But I never had to regret that almost the whole night I spent, admiring this rare phenomenon of nature "
This family surprises mycologists with a truly satanic ability not to reveal their secrets. Ordinary wax, diktifora and their relatives from the raincoat group can appear where they have never grown before, and where they will never grow again. This mushroom has grown one day - and disappeared forever. That's what the doctor of biological sciences A. V. Smirnov says about this. "A curious story occurred with the Setkonos (Dictiophore) in September 1933. A student of Tomsk University E. Markidonov came across a strange plant in the vicinity of Tomsk. And not on any single specimen - on the whole plantation. I rushed to the university with all my might. She reported to Professor N. N. Lavrov. Together, we immediately rushed back. The slightest delay could turn into failure. The fungus lives only one day. In 9 evenings an "egg" bursts (like a jolly) and a leg with a hat begins to grow. At 8 in the morning, the mushroom is already emitting a sickening smell of carrion. In 9 morning it's over. Tomichi had time on time. Dug up a few tiny "eggs". We were taken to the university. Have planted on a bed. For ten days curious townspeople observed the tropical splendor in the center of the taiga region. From the top of the mushroom hats, lace drops of green jelly flowed onto the lace "skirt". The mass of green spores swam in this stream. Excess of dripping to the ground. Flies instantly mastered the bait and twisted around. And even pieces of foul meat that were laid around did not attract their attention. But the last mushroom, the "flower," has blossomed. The last "skirt" unfolded. And the enchantment faded. Prudent botanists covered the ridge with a thick heap of fallen leaves, branches of aspen, birch and bird cherry to give the mushroom food and protect it from frost. Although the snow in Tomsk and the deepest, but extra precaution does not interfere. A natural plantation was established for observation. Alas. The following year, not one in the garden, or in the aspen (where they first found) did not appear in one "skirt". Neither next year. Not a year from now. The Setkoska disappeared as suddenly as it appeared. Where did it come from? Why did she disappear? Professor Lavrov suggested that she grew up in an aspen tree in the place of rotting carrion or a heap of manure, but of course, no one could, of course, confirm it. Once upon a time in the Altai we found the same unique expedition. While they realized what to do, everything disappeared.
After the war, the botanists of Irkutsk University met setkin on the Baikal. Rushed for pencils to capture in colors. Returning, nothing was found. It's good that even Lavrov managed to draw this amazing creature. But where and when the mushroom-flower will appear next time, no one can predict. "
Similar happened at the beginning of the century in Hawaii. Sugarcane from the root rot suddenly began to die. Have established the reason - Cheerful reddish. The fence of her smelly hats rose above the piles of rotten reeds. Lacy "skirts" of net-loaves with a potato bush were also there. Swarms of flies hung over the plantations of reeds, and it is unclear what was more - mushrooms or reed stems. Alarming signals came from all the islands-mushrooms overflowed the reed plantations everywhere. It seemed that the fate of sugar plantations is a foregone conclusion. Already preparing for the replacement of cane with another culture, when suddenly - the obsession disappeared. At once disappeared and fun, and setkins. After that botanists for a long time searched the islands for the extinct species of mushrooms and only thirty years later they found one netskin!
Another representative of the family of Vesyolkovy - bright-crimson Grate red suddenly appeared in the greenhouses of the Botanical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Leningrad, although no one brought him there. The shape of the fungus is clearly tropical - something like a rounded basket with large holes. In the journal Science and Life there was a message that in 1976 year in the greenhouse of the state farm "Dubskiy" in the Sverdlovsk Region, a mushroom appeared on the beds with cucumbers, which led to confusion not only the workers of the state farm, but also specialists. And there was something to be surprised! Among the cucumber weaves grew strange creatures: on the top of the tall and thick white spongy legs there were six blackish-greenish vermicular appendages. It turned out that this is an alien from the tropics, a close relative of our fun, with a sharp, unpleasant smell, like hers, Lizard Grander. The birthplace of this mushroom is Ceylon. With tropical plants, it was brought to the greenhouses and botanical gardens of England, France and some other Western European countries. In Russia, this fungus was discovered for the first time. How he got to the Urals is still a mystery.
We finish the story of the wanderings wanderings a note called "Another relative of raincoats." Its author E. Vimba writes: "This is an unusual fungus-raincoat, Mutinus Ravenel - a close relative of the ordinary and canine mutinus, for which he was accepted for a long time. Mutinus Ravenel was a neighbor of a man. It was first found in the fifties near Riga. It grows in courtyards, on lawns, in flower beds, among flowers, its native land is North America. In Europe, it was discovered in 1942 year. Mutinus Ravenel was not so rare in our region. Small families of this exotic fungus can be found on the Karelian Isthmus in the vicinity of Priozersk and Vsevolozhsk. Here is its original appearance: a white pointed column the size of a child's little finger. The tip itself is crimson, as if it was dipped into a cinnabar. The mushroom is like a short color pencil. "